Water crisis is inevitable. But, how we are dealing with situations across countries to solve them one at a time is what going to make all the difference.
Stumbled-upon an article in World Resource Institute that talks about 7 reasons why we are facing a global water crisis.
In a recent study, world bank warns nations on severe hit to economies due to global water crisis and its true because, a rise in sea level due to global warming is costing the world a whopping $1400 trillion loss.
Why would it cost so much to the world? Here are the reasons.
Climate change is real and is changing at a rapid pace. From adequate rainfall to floods, nature is dealing with the world in extremes.
It is recorded that at least 21 million people across the world are at the risk of river flooding and the number is only rising up to 54 million by 2030. As we can see, the numbers are frightening, and the risk associated with river floods is only getting worse every season.
Demand for Water
There is a stupendous rise in the demand for water, with population on the rise, demand for smart cities and urban development, it has become a herculean task for governments to accommodate water. From being an infinite to a finite resource, water has become crucial and water wars between countries already have taken a centre stage.
Depleted Levels of Ground Water
54% of Indian Ground Water is decreasing as per the report. The situation of the Indian aquifers is going get worse in the years to come. Because, there seems to be no bar in terms of water that we are using currently for Industrial, farming and drinking purposes.
If the situation continues for another 20 years, India is at a high risk of running out of ground water considering the population it will be bearing in 20 years’ time.
Water is taken for granted and is not reused when there is a possibility. Around 80% of worlds wastewater is left into nature without treating them. Because, treating wastewater is much costlier than receiving the clean water. Policies should be made about not letting the water go wasted without treating them.
Pricing it the wrong way
Water is definitely undervalued. Because, the governments, especially in the water sector has least access to infrastructure that can help them digitalize the billing system. And it is always important to have a tap on the allocation vs price it should be valued at. Bringing in the technologies and transforming the way water is transported and billed should be made as a mandate for us to effectively utilize the water we currently hold. Because, preparedness is wise as future can be threatening.
These could be some of the reasons why the world is looking at water the way it never had seen before. The time for transformation has come and adapting to change is going to be the key.
Source : World Resource Institute