If only we have to change how Indian water distribution system works, it was already late for us to make any amendments. Because, our civilization grew for thousands of years and we still struggle at managing our water resources which has now become the bottom line of Indian water crisis.
Let us for once look at the real stats of fresh water that is ready to consume against water that can be put to good use after treatment.
It is statistically proven that 97.5% of earth’s water is salt and 2.5% is of fresh water. Out of which 2% is locked at Glaciers and only 0.5 % of water is accessible to consume.
And do you even know how the water is categorized and put to right use?
- 70% for Agriculture
- 20% for Industries
- 10% Drinking
Reasons behind the water shortage?
India isn’t the only country facing the heat of water stress situation. Countries with huge population have been facing this for decades. And what crisis cannot be defined by citing one reason. There are many reasons such as increased population, encroachment of water bodies, exploitation of natural water resources is some of the major reasons why severe crisis has hit India.
Know what’s on the plate before you waste! This ratio had taken us by surprise. It’s always important for people to know what it takes to produce the food they get on plate before they waste it.
It is said that, 1300 litres of water are required to produce 1 kilo of wheat. Similarly, 3400 litres of water are used to produce 1 kilo of rice. But something that was blown out of proportion was meat production. It takes a whopping 15,500 litres of water to produce 1 kilo of meat.
So, here are some of the solutions from across the world as each country has its own way of dealing with crisis and the learning from instances can always be of some help.
Content Source: Medium
Solar Powered Water
SunToWater Technologies, United States has invented a device that creates drinkable water using technology. It’s a size of an air-conditioner that can be placed outside a building or on its roof.
The purpose of the device is to produce drinkable water from thin air. Once the device is activated, fans inside the device blow air over salt-based element that will absorb the water molecules from air. Then, solar heat bakes water from salt, and the humid air is collected in a tank which is then exposed to ultraviolet light to remove any bacteria. By the process, clean water is stored in the tank which is readily available to consume as certified by WHO.
An Israel innovation in the area of irrigation has garnered appreciations from across the world. Today, Israel is so efficient in utilizing its water resources with the use of latest technology.
Drip irrigation is a modern technique that has the potential of saving water by allowing water to drip slowly directly to the roots. The idea is to let the water flow directly to the roots to strengthen its growth without wasting much of water. Drip irrigation systems distribute water through a network of valves, pipes, tubing and emitters.
Peru has its innovative way of catching water from fog. While in deserts areas, chances of rain are a rarity. But fog occurrence is common on top of the hills.
- They capture water droplets.
- A mesh is placed to trap the water.
- The little droplets caught by mesh are collected into PVC gutters.
What can India learn from neighboring countries to overcome water crisis?
For a highly populated country like India, though having enough resources but polluted because of various factors should have to come up with few policies to tackle the situation collectively.
- Growing tress
- Reviving our long-forgotten lakes
- Rain water harvesting
- Creating social awareness
- Transforming the agricultural practice.
At JalBharat, we believe societal impact can get better results. It is all about making people aware and understand the real importance of water and how we need to change our behavioral patterns when it comes to utilizing the same sparing a thought for generations to come.
If you have a technology that can help the Indian Water Boards, do write to us- firstname.lastname@example.org